How to Become an Investment Banking Analyst: A Guide for Aspiring Professionals

Investment banking is one of the most competitive and lucrative fields in the finance industry. Investment bankers help companies raise capital, advise on mergers and acquisitions, and provide other financial services. Investment banking analysts are the entry-level professionals who support the senior bankers in these tasks. They conduct research, create financial models, prepare pitch books, and perform other analytical duties.

If you are interested in pursuing a career as an investment banking analyst, you need to know what it takes to succeed in this challenging and rewarding profession. In this article, we will cover the following topics:

  • What is an investment banking analyst and what do they do?
  • What are the skills and qualifications required for an investment banking analyst job?
  • How to prepare for an investment banking analyst interview?
  • What are the pros and cons of working as an investment banking analyst?

What is an Investment Banking Analyst and What Do They Do?

An investment banking analyst is a junior employee who works under the supervision of an associate or a vice president in an investment bank. They typically work in one of the following divisions:

  • Corporate finance: This division helps clients raise equity or debt capital through initial public offerings (IPOs), secondary offerings, private placements, bond issuances, etc.
  • Mergers and acquisitions (M&A): This division advises clients on buying or selling businesses, or combining with other companies through mergers, acquisitions, divestitures, spin-offs, etc.
  • Industry groups: These groups focus on specific sectors, such as technology, healthcare, energy, consumer, etc., and provide industry-specific expertise and insights to clients.
  • Product groups: These groups specialize in certain financial products or services, such as leveraged finance, restructuring, financial sponsors, etc., and support the industry groups in executing transactions.

The main responsibilities of an investment banking analyst include:

  • Conducting market research and industry analysis to identify potential opportunities and trends for clients.
  • Building financial models and valuation techniques to evaluate the financial performance and prospects of companies or projects.
  • Preparing pitch books and other presentation materials to communicate the key findings and recommendations to clients or internal teams.
  • Performing due diligence and data analysis to verify the accuracy and completeness of information provided by clients or target companies.
  • Coordinating with other professionals, such as lawyers, accountants, consultants, etc., to facilitate the deal execution process.

What are the Skills and Qualifications Required for an Investment Banking Analyst Job?

To become an investment banking analyst, you need to have a strong academic background, preferably in finance, accounting, economics, or related fields. You also need to have excellent analytical, quantitative, communication, and interpersonal skills. Additionally, you need to be proficient in using various software tools, such as Microsoft Excel, PowerPoint, Word, Bloomberg Terminal, etc.

Some of the common qualifications that employers look for in an investment banking analyst candidate are:

  • A bachelor’s degree from a reputable university with a high GPA (grade point average).
  • Relevant coursework or certifications in finance, accounting, economics, statistics, etc.
  • Previous internship or work experience in investment banking or related fields.
  • Knowledge of financial markets, products, and concepts.
  • Ability to work under pressure and meet tight deadlines.
  • Attention to detail and accuracy.
  • Teamwork and leadership skills.
  • Motivation and enthusiasm for learning and growing.

How to Prepare for an Investment Banking Analyst Interview?

If you want to land an investment banking analyst job, you need to ace the interview process. The interview process usually consists of several rounds of screening, such as phone interviews, online tests (such as numerical reasoning or psychometric tests), video interviews (such as HireVue), and face-to-face interviews (such as superday).

To prepare for an investment banking analyst interview, you need to do the following:

  • Research the company: You need to learn about the company’s history, culture, values, vision, goals, products, services, clients, competitors, etc. You also need to know why you want to work for that company and how you can add value to it.
  • Review your resume: You need to be able to explain everything on your resume clearly and confidently. You should also anticipate potential questions based on your resume content, such as your academic achievements, work experience, extracurricular activities, skills, interests, etc.
  • Practice technical questions: You need to be prepared for technical questions that test your knowledge of finance, accounting, economics, valuation, financial modeling, etc. You should also be able to demonstrate your problem-solving skills by solving case studies or brainteasers.
  • Practice behavioral questions: You need to be prepared for behavioral questions that assess your fit for the company culture and the role. You should also be able to showcase your personality traits and strengths by using the STAR (situation, task, action, result) method to answer questions such as “Tell me about a time when you faced a challenge and how you overcame it” or “What are your short-term and long-term career goals?”.
  • Dress professionally: You need to dress appropriately for the interview, depending on the company’s dress code and the location of the interview. You should also pay attention to your grooming, hygiene, and body language.

What are the Pros and Cons of Working as an Investment Banking Analyst?

Working as an investment banking analyst can be a rewarding career choice for many reasons. Some of the pros of working as an investment banking analyst are:

  • Exposure: You get to work on high-profile and complex transactions that involve some of the largest and most influential companies in the world. You also get to interact with senior bankers, clients, and other professionals from different backgrounds and industries.
  • Learning: You get to learn a lot about finance, business, and various sectors and markets. You also get to develop your technical, analytical, communication, and interpersonal skills.
  • Compensation: You get to earn a competitive salary and bonus that reflect your performance and contribution to the firm. You also get to enjoy other benefits, such as health insurance, retirement plan, travel allowance, etc.
  • Career progression: You get to advance your career within the investment banking hierarchy or explore other opportunities in finance or related fields. You also get to build a strong network of contacts that can help you in your future endeavors.

However, working as an investment banking analyst also comes with some challenges and drawbacks. Some of the cons of working as an investment banking analyst are:

  • Workload: You have to work long and unpredictable hours, often exceeding 80 hours per week. You also have to deal with multiple tasks, deadlines, and pressures at the same time.
  • Stress: You have to cope with high expectations, intense competition, and constant feedback from your managers and clients. You also have to handle stressful situations, such as market volatility, deal uncertainty, or client dissatisfaction.
  • Lifestyle: You have to sacrifice your personal life, hobbies, health, and well-being for your work. You also have to face the risk of burnout, fatigue, or mental health issues.


Investment banking analyst is a challenging but rewarding career path for those who are passionate about finance and business. To become an investment banking analyst, you need to have a strong academic background, relevant skills and qualifications, and excellent interview performance. You also need to weigh the pros and cons of working as an investment banking analyst before making your decision.

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